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κρείσσωνκεύθων, the personal constr., instead of “κρεῖσσόν ἐστι κεύθειν αὐτόν”: cp. O. T. 1368κρείσσων γὰρ ἦσθα μηκέτ᾽ ὢν ζῶν τυφλός”: Lys. or. 26 § 4κρείττων ἦν πατὴρ αὐτοῦ μὴ λειτουργήσας”: Dem. or. 3 § 34οἴκοι μένων βελτίων”: Soph. Ant. 6. 9κρείττων γὰρ ἂν... γένοιτο τοιοῦτος πολίτης ἀποθανών”.

Elmsley's emendation, “παῤ Ἄιδᾳ”, instead of “γὰρ Ἅιδᾳ” (the reading of the MSS.), is specious; for Sophocles has that phrase in O. T. 972 and in O. C. 1572; but here he may have been thinking of Il. 23. 244εἰς κεν αὐτὸς ἐγὼν Ἄϊδι κεύθωμαι”. The personal sense of Hades easily passes into the local; thus we have not only “εἰς Ἅιδου” ( Tr. 4), but “εἰς Ἀΐδαν” ( El. 833). For the simple dat., cp. El. 174οὐρανῷ” (n.).

κεύθων, as in O. T. 968κεύθει κάτω δὴ γῆς”. Ant. 911ἐν Ἅιδου..κεκευθότοιν”.

νοσῶν μάταν: here the adv. = ‘foolishly,’ i.e., insanely. Cp. Ar. Pax 95τί πέτει; τί μάτην οὐχ ὑγιαίνεις;Aesch. Cho. 288καὶ λύσσα καὶ μάταιος ἐκ νυκτῶν φόβος”. For the order of words, instead of “ μάταν νοσῶν”, cp. El. 792τοῦ θανόντος ἀρτίως” (n.).

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hide References (15 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (15):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 288
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 95
    • Demosthenes, Olynthiac 3, 34
    • Euripides, Electra, 792
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.244
    • Lysias, On the Scrutiny of Evandros, 4
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 6
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 911
    • Sophocles, Electra, 174
    • Sophocles, Electra, 833
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1572
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1368
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 968
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 972
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 4
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