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τ᾽ ἐχθρὸς ἡμῖνκ.τ.λ.” The maxim is two-edged. “φιλεῖν ὡς μισήσοντα” is the side of it which is really in the mind of Ajax:—he dies hating the Greeks whom he had served so nobly (839—844). But the other side—“μισεῖν ὡς φιλήσοντα”—is that which he wishes his hearers to conceive as foremost in his thoughts.

Arist. Rhet. 2. 13§ 4 (old men) “κατὰ τὴν Βίαντος ὑποθήκην καὶ φιλοῦσιν ὡς μισήσοντες καὶ μισοῦσιν ὡς φιλήσοντες”. Bias , of Prienè in Ionia, one of the “ἑπτὰ σοφοί”, is said to have flourished about 550 B.C. For other references to this famous maxim, see Appendix.

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    • Aristotle, Rhetoric, 2.13
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