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εἶρξαι. The primitive sense of the root (“ϝεργ”) was to ‘press’: whence come both the meanings of this verb, ‘to shut out,’ and ‘to shut in.’ Acc. to Eustathius (p. 1387. 3) the Attic form was “εἴργω” as=“κωλύω” (‘shut out’ or ‘hinder’), but “εἵργω” as=“ἐγκλείω”. Curtius (Etym. § 142) thinks that this distinction was of comparatively late origin. Our MSS. consistently give “εἱρκτή, εἱργμός”, ‘a prison.’ Andoc. or. 4 § 27 has “εἱργνύων” (‘imprisoning’): Plat. Tim.p. 45 E “καθείργνυσι” (indeed, the forms from “ειργνυ” are always aspirated). But in regard to the other forms the evidence of MSS. is often conflicting, and the practice of editors has varied. In Thuc. , Bekker always writers “εἵργω”: Classen and Stahl, always “εἴργω”, even (e.g.) in 8. 74 § 3 “εἴρξειν” and 4. 47 § 3 “κατεῖρξαν”, where the ref. is to imprisonment; though in the latter place the MSS. seem to agree on “καθεῖρξαν”. On the other hand in Eur. Bacch. 443 the best editions give “εἶρξαι”. Eur. Itmay be noted that Lobeck could find no instance of “ἀφείργειν” earlier than Aelian (Hist. An. 12. 21 “ἀφειργμένη”): as to “ἄφερκτος” in Aesch. Ch. 446, he justifies it as meaning, ‘shut in (apart),’ not ‘shut off.’ Recent editors are generally agreed in writing “εἶρξαι” here, and “εἴργειν” in 795. This is justifiable in any case, the sense being ‘to restrain,’ rather than definitely ‘to shut in.

ἦμαρ τοὐμφανὲς τὸ νῦν τόδε: the cumulative phrase marks the seer's anxiety to impress the fact upon his hearer; it is like the precise fulness of 741 f., “ἔνδοθεν στέγης μὴ ᾿ξω παρήκειν”.


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hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 446
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 443
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