ὠμόφρων, fierce: cp. 885 “τὸν ὠμόθυμον.” ἐχθοδόπ̓, poet. for “ἐχθρά”: Ph. 1137“φῶτ᾽ ἐχθοδοπόν.” οὐλίῳ σὺν πάθει, with deadly resentment. “οὐλίῳ” refers primarily to his deadly hatred of the Atreidae, but suggests also the fatal result of his mood. For “πάθος” with ref. to an affection of the mind, cp. Ph. 899“ἀλλ᾽ ἐνθάδ᾽ ἤδη τοῦδε τοῦ πάθους κυρῶ” (sc. “τῆς ἀπορίας”). With the exception of these two passages, there is perhaps no clear example of “πάθος” so used before Plato. ( Thuc. 3. 84, where “διὰ πάθους ἐπιθυμοῦντες” occurs in § 1, is an interpolated chapter.) It is indeed possible to render οὐλίῳ σὺν πάθει, as Prof. Campbell does, ‘under thy calamitous wrong’ (the disappointment as to the arms). But “οὐλίῳ” is clearly suggestive of a direct reference to “ὠμόφρων ἐχθοδόπ᾽ Ἀτρείδαις”. Further, the prep. “σὺν” more naturally denotes an accompaniment of the bitter utterance than the cause which had provoked it.
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