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The sequel to the story
The Teucer of Sophocles.
of Ajax was treated by Sophocles in two of his lost plays, the Teucer and the Eurysaces. The subject of the former is already adumbrated in the Ajax (1008—1020): Teucer, on his return to Salamis, is upbraided and expelled by Telamon. A few verses remain from a speech in which the aged king lamented the death of his son, —verses of much beauty and pathos, which reveal some gentler traits in the gloomy and choleric Telamon:—

ὡς ἄῤ, τέκνον, κενὴν ἐτερπόμην σου τέρψιν εὐλογουμένου ὡς ζῶντος: δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἐν σκότῳ λήθουσά με ἔσαιν᾽ Ἐρινὺς ἡδοναῖς ἐψευσμένον1.

This work is supposed to have been the model of Pacuvius in his tragedy of the same name, from which Cicero quotes part of the passionate reproaches addressed by Telamon to Teucer2.

The Eurysaces of Sophocles is known only by the citation

His Eur saces.
of a single word from it3; but a probable conjecture as to its argument has been based on fragments from the Eurysaces of Attius, taken in connection with a passage of Justin4. After his repulse by Telamon, Teucer had founded the new Salamis in Cyprus. On a report of Telamon's death reaching him there, he returned to the old Salamis; but was repelled by Eurysaces, and finally settled among the Gallaeci in the north-west of Spain.

1 Soph. fr. 519 (Nauck), from Stobaeus Flor. 122. 10.

2 Cic. De Orat. 2. 46. 193.Ribbeck, Trag. Rom. Fragmenta, pp. 116 ff. A fragment of the Teucer of Sophocles (no. 520 Nauck), belonging to the description of a storm, may be compared with a similar fragment (no. XV. Ribbeck) from the Teucer of Pacuvius.

3 Hesych. s. v. “ἀδόξαστον”. Soph. fr. 204 (Nauck).

4 For the fragments of the Eurysaces of Attius, see Ribbeck, pp. 179 ff. They contain the complaints of some one who is being driven forth into exile, and who upbraids the Greeks with their ingratitude. That this person was Teucer, is inferred by Welcker (Gr. Trag. p. 198) from Justin XLIV. 3, in which, with great probability, he finds an outline of the plot: “Gallaeci Graecam sibi originem asserunt: siquidem post finem Troiani belli Teucrum morte Aiacis fratris invisum patri Telamoni, cum non reciperetur in regnum, Cyprum concessisse, atque ibi urbem nomine antiquae patriae Salaminam condidisse. Inde accepta opinione paternae mortis patriam repetisse. Sed cum ab Eurysace, Aiacis filio, accessu prohiberetur, Hispaniae litoribus appulsum loca, ubi nunc est Carthago nova, occupasse; inde Gallaeciam transisse, et positis sedibus genti nomen dedisse.

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  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 2.46
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