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ὅρκον, Reiske's correction of ὅρκῳ, seems right. With “ὅρκῳ”, the choice is between two explanations. (1) “ἄγγελλε ὅρκῳ, προστιθεὶς” (“ὅρκον”). This is exceedingly awkward, and is not really similar to Ar. Av. 1004ὀρθῷ μετρήσω κανόνι προστιθείς” (“κανόνα”): for “μετρήσω” is most naturally followed by the dative of the instrument; while “ἀγγέλλειν ὅρκῳ” would be a strange phrase. (2) “ἄγγελλε ὅρκῳ προστιθεὶς” (“τὰ ἀγγελλόμενα”): explained as an ‘inversion’ of “προστιθεὶς ὅρκον τοῖς ἀγγελλομένοις”. But it is hard to see how ‘adding the report to an oath’ could stand for ‘adding an oath to the report.’

On the other hand, the phrase “προστιθέναι ὅρκον” has the authority of Sophocles himself: fr. 431 “ὅρκου δὲ προστεθέντος ἐπιμελεστέρα” | “ψυχὴ κατέστη”. Cp. too Tr. 255ὅρκον αὑτῷ προσβαλών”.

The false oath would be regarded as excused by the “δόλοι” which Apollo had prescribed (v. 37); but in fact the Paedagogus takes no such oath.


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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1004
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 255
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