κλοπῇ τε κἀνάγκῃ ζυγεὶς, brought under the yoke (of military service) by stratagem and compulsion. For ζυγεὶς, cp. Aesch. Ag. 841“μόνος δ᾽ Ὀδυσσεύς, ὅσπερ οὐχ ἑκὼν ἔπλει”, | “ζευχθεὶς ἕτοιμος ἦν ἐμοὶ σειραφόρος”. Odysseus was in Ithaca when he was called to the war, and feigned madness. Palamedes, the envoy of the Greeks, found him ploughing with an ox and an ass yoked together, and placed the infant Telemachus in front of the plough; when Odysseus betrayed his sanity by stopping. As in the case of Solomon's judgment, the typically shrewd man relied on his conviction that art could be surprised by nature. Cp. Lycophron 815 ff., where Cassandra says to Odysseus, “ὦ σχέτλἰ, ὥς σοι κρεῖσσον ἦν μίμνειν πάτρᾳ” (in Ithaca) | “βοηλατοῦντι”,... | “πλασταῖσι λύσσης μηχαναῖς οἰστρημένῳ”. Tzetzes ad loc., and Hyginus Hyg. Fab. 95, tell the story. In Ovid Met. 13. 34Ajax contrasts himself with Odysseus:—An quod in arma prior nulloque sub indice veni | Arma neganda mihi? Potiorque videbitur ille | Ultima qui cepit, detrectavitque furore | Militiam ficto: donec sollertior isto, | Sed sibi inutilior, timidi commenta retexit | Naupliades animi, vitataque traxit in arma? Sophocles wrote an “Ὀδυσσεὺς Μαινόμενος” on this theme. According to Od. 24. 115 ff. Agamemnon and Menelaus brought Odysseus from Ithaca to Troy by persuasion.
This text is part of:
Table of Contents: