previous next



καὶ σοῦ δ̓. The formula “καὶ... δέ” means ‘and...also,’ with an emphasis on the intervening word. This is the only instance in Soph. : it occurs, however, in Aesch. P. V. 973(“καὶ σὲ δ᾽ ἐν τούτοις λέγω”), Aesch. Eum. 65: Soph. El. 1117(“καὶ σὺ δ᾽ αὐθάδης ἔφυς”): Ar. Pax 250: and oft. in Attic prose. The usual account of it is that the “καί”=‘also,’ while “δέ”=‘and.’ This suits those instances in which, as here, “καὶ...δέ” is preceded by a full stop, or by a pause; but it is less natural where “καὶ...δέ” links a new clause to a preceding one in the same sentence; as in Thuc. 4. 24καὶ μάλιστα ἐνῆγον” (“τοὺς Συρακοσίους”) “οἱ Λοκροὶ τῶν Ρηγίνων κατὰ ἔχθραν, καὶ αὐτοὶ δὲ ἐσεβεβλήκεσαν κ.τ.λ.”: id. 9. 71 “ὅπως μὴ παντάπασιν ἱπποκρατῶνται, καὶ χρήματα δὲ ἅμα αὐτόθεν τε ξυλλέξωνται καὶ παρ᾽ Ἀθηναίων ἔλθῃ, κ.τ.λ.” Examples of the latter class clearly suggest that in the combination “καὶ...δέ, καί” was the conjunction, while “δέ”, ‘on the other hand,’ added the force of ‘also.’ Cp. the well-known use of “δέ” with the pron. after a voc.: “Ἀντιγόνη, σὺ δ᾽ ἐνθάδε” | “φύλασσε”, Soph. O. C. 507 n.

θαυμάσας ἔχω=“τεθαύμακα” (emphatic): cp. Phaedr. 257 Cτὸν λόγον δέ σου πάλαι θαυμάσας ἔχω”, and ib. 258 Bτεθαυμακότες”. This constr. of “θαυμάζω” with gen. of pers. and acc. of thing is common ( Plat. Phaedo 89A, etc.): the gen. is properly possessive (‘I wonder at this in you’). We find also the gen. with a dependent clause in place of the acc. ( H. 2. 3. 53 “ὑμῶν...θαυμάζω εἰ μὴ” “βοηθήσετε”); and the gen. alone ( Lys. or. 7 § 23καὶ τούτου μὲν οὐ θαυμάζω”).

τόδε: this advice of thine that I should go to Troy.


hide References (10 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (10):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 65
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 973
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 250
    • Lysias, On the Olive Stump, 23
    • Plato, Phaedo, 89
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 257c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 258b
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1117
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 507
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.24
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: