δακρύσας, the tears of pain and anger started into his eyes. (For the aor. part., cp. Phaed. 116D “καὶ ἅμα δακρύσας, μεταστρεφόμενος ἀπῄει”.) Many recent editors change this to “ἀκούσας”, or a compound of it (see cr. n.). But the traditional reading is incomparably more forcible; it is also thoroughly Homeric in spirit; Il. 23. 385(Diomedes, when Apollo strikes the whip from his hand in the chariot-race) “τοῖο δ᾽ ἀπ᾽ ὀφθαλμῶν χύτο δάκρυα χωομένοιο”. Cp. Iuv. 1. 168 Inde irae et lacrimae. ἐξανίσταμαι: he had been seated, as in converse with friends. ὀργῇ: modal dat., O. T. 405 n., βαρείᾳ, vehement: cp. “μῆνιν βαρεῖαν” ( O. C. 1328, Ai. 656). κᾳταλγήσας: cp. Ant. 767“νοῦς δ᾽ ἐστὶ τηλικοῦτος ἀλγήσας βαρύς”. This compound (in which “κατά” is intensive) occurs elsewhere only in later Greek.
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