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δακρύσας, the tears of pain and anger started into his eyes. (For the aor. part., cp. Phaed. 116D “καὶ ἅμα δακρύσας, μεταστρεφόμενος ἀπῄει”.) Many recent editors change this to “ἀκούσας”, or a compound of it (see cr. n.). But the traditional reading is incomparably more forcible; it is also thoroughly Homeric in spirit; Il. 23. 385(Diomedes, when Apollo strikes the whip from his hand in the chariot-race) “τοῖο δ᾽ ἀπ᾽ ὀφθαλμῶν χύτο δάκρυα χωομένοιο”. Cp. Iuv. 1. 168 Inde irae et lacrimae.

ἐξανίσταμαι: he had been seated, as in converse with friends.

ὀργῇ: modal dat., O. T. 405 n., βαρείᾳ, vehement: cp. “μῆνιν βαρεῖαν” ( O. C. 1328, Ai. 656).

κᾳταλγήσας: cp. Ant. 767νοῦς δ᾽ ἐστὶ τηλικοῦτος ἀλγήσας βαρύς”. This compound (in which “κατά” is intensive) occurs elsewhere only in later Greek.

hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.385
    • Plato, Phaedo, 116d
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 656
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 767
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1328
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 405
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