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σύμβολονλύπης, a grieftoken, i.e. a token consisting in your grief (defining gen.; cp. 159οἶκον...κοίτης”, n.). “σύμβολα” were tallies, sometimes consisting of dice (“λίσπαι”, Plat. Symp. 193A) or knuckle-bones (“ἀστράγαλοι”) sawn in two. A message or request, purporting to come from a friend at a distance, could thus be tested. The bearer was asked to produce the other half of the divided token. See Her. 6. 86. 2ἀποδεικνύντες τὰ σύμβολα, ἀπαίτεον τὰ χρήματα”: Eur. Med. 613ξένοις...πέμπειν σύμβολ̓”,=to give one credentials to friends abroad. When two persons established such signs between them, they were said “σύμβολα ποιεῖσθαι”: C. I. G. 87 “ποιησάσθω δὲ καὶ σύμβολα βουλὴ πρὸς τὸν βασιλέα τὸν Σιδωνίων, ὅπως ἂν δῆμος Ἀθηναίων εἰδῇ ἐάν τι πέμπῃ...δεόμενος τῆς πόλεως”. As each half was called “σύμβολον”, the word can mean ‘counterpart’: Plat. Symp. 191Dζητεῖ δὴ ἀεὶ τὸ αὑτοῦ ἕκαστος ξύμ-” “βολον”.—Musgrave (ed. 1809) first compared Aristeides 1. 416 (=625 Dind.) “διὸ καὶ πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις ἱκανόν ἐστι πρὸς αὐτήν” (Athens), “ὥσπερ ἄλλο τι σύμβολον, αὐτὸ τὸ σχῆμα τῆς ἀτυχίας”. Cp. Plaut. Poen. 5. 2. 87Ego sum ipsus quem tu quaeris.—Si ita est, tesseram conferre si vis hospitalem.

hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Euripides, Medea, 613
    • Plato, Symposium, 191d
    • Plato, Symposium, 193a
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 159
    • Plautus, Poenulus, 5.2
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