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ὄμμασι δ᾽ ἀντίσχοις, and keep before his eyes, τάνδ᾽ αἴγλαν τέταται τανῦν, this light which is spread before them now. By ‘this light’ I do not understand ‘a light which is no light,’ i.e., ‘darkness,’—as if this were an oxymoron like “βλέπειν σκότον” ( O. T. 419), “ἐν σκότῳ ὁρᾶν” (ib. 1273), for “τυφλὸς εἶναι”. Rather “τάνδ᾽ αἴγλαν” is ‘dreamlight,’—such as illuminates the visions that come in sleep. Cp. Eur. Alc. 354ἐν δ᾽ ὀνείρασι” | “φοιτῶσά μ᾽ εὐφραίνοις ἄν: ἡδὺ γὰρ φίλος” | “κὰν νυκτὶ λεύσσειν, ὅντιν᾽ ἂν παρῇ χρόνον”. The pron. τάνδε marks that αἴγλαν has this poetical sense, —the “ὄναρ”, not the “ὕπαρ”, of light. Cp. Aesch. Ag. 942 καὶ σὺ νίκην τήνδε δήριος τίεις”; i.e., a “νίκη” which consists in yielding.—For τέταται, referring to light, cp. Soph. Ant. 600 τέτατο φάος” (n.).

The words could not mean, ‘keep off this sunlight from his eyes.’ ὄμμασι might, indeed, be a dat. of interest; but ἀντίσχοις could not mean, defendas. In O.C. 1651 “χεῖρ᾽ ἀντέχοντα κρατός” certainly refers to shading the eyes; but the object of the verb is that which is held before them, not that which is warded off.— Hesych. has “αἴγλη: χλίδων. Σοφοκλῆς Τηρεῖ. χιτών: καὶ πέδη παρὰ Ἐπιχάρμῳ ἐν Βάκχαις”. The word “χλίδων” (“χλιδή”) meant an ‘ornament,’ esp. an armlet (“ψέλιον”). If “αἴγλη” was used for “χλίδων”, it was so because “αἴγλη” could mean ‘a gleaming object’ (cp. “τροφή”=“θρέμμα”). The same explanation applies to “χιτών” and “πέδη”,—‘a glistering tunic,’ ‘a bright chain.’ Cp. the Homeric “γλήνεα”, prop. ‘bright objects,’ then ‘trinkets’ or the like ( Il. 24. 192). The meanings of “αἴγλη” given in Bekker Anecd. p. 354 add nothing, for our purpose, to Hesychius. We cannot, then, accept Welcker's version of αἴγλαν here:—‘keep upon his eyes this bandage (fasciam) that is bound upon them now’ (Rhein. Mus. p. 125, 1828). —No alteration, either of ἀντίσχοις or of τάνδ᾽ αἴγλαν, seems probable.

hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 942
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 354
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.192
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 600
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 419
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