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οἵδ̓: cp. 1003.

μὴ ἕρπῃς: the coalescence of final η with an aspirated ε or α is extremely rare: Ar. Ach. 828εἰ μὴ ἑτέρωσε” (cp. Ar. Ran. 64, Ar. Lys. 736): Philemon “Παρεισίων” 3 “ ἁμάρτημα τί”;—The addition of γ̓ to ἕρπῃς is plausible: but the placid answer is perhaps more effective without it: cp. 105.

986 f. For the voc. combined with nom., cp. 867 n.

τὸ παγκρατὲς σέλας Ἡφαιστότευκτον. As to the place of the second adj., see note on “εὔχρυσον” in 393. The ‘flame wrought by Hephaestus’ is the flame which he causes to break forth from the summit of the volcano Mosychlus (800 n.): cp. Antimachus fr. 6 “Ἡφαίστου φλογὶ εἴκελον, ἥν ῥα τιτύσκει” | “δαίμων ἀκροτάταις ὄρεος κορυφῇσι Μοσύχλου”. We need not suppose, with the schol., that the epithet refers directly to Hephaestus working at his forge within the mountain. When hurled by Zeus from Olympus, Hephaestus fell on Lemnos, and was there tended by the “Σίντιες” ( Il. 1. 593). The isle was sacred to him,—“Ἡφαίστῳ...γαιάων πολὺ φιλτάτη” ( Od. 8. 284): “κραναὸν πέδον Ἡφαίστοιο” (Perieget. Dionys. 522): Vulcania Lemnos (Valerius Flaccus 4. 440: cp. Fasti 3. 82). The chief seat of his worship was the town of Hephaestia, situated on the northern inlet (now the bay of Purnia).

The Lemnians had an early repute as workers in iron: Tzetzes on Lycophr. 460 “Λήμνιοι, ὡς φησὶν Ἑλλάνικος, εὗρον ὁπλοποιΐαν”. The local cult and the local industry of Lemnos were both expressed by its name “Αἰθάλεια” (‘sooty’), acc. to Polybius ap. Byz. Steph. s. v. “Αἰθάλη”. The same name was given to Ilva (Elba), on account of its iron-stone.

hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 64
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.593
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.284
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1003
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 105
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 867
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 828
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 736
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