HYMN TO THE MOTHER OF THE GODSTHE goddess commonly identified by the Greeks with Rhea and the Asiatic Cybele was almost certainly in her origin Hellenic, and was widely worshipped, from early times, as simply “μήτηρ θεῶν”. At Athens, for example, her cult was important, in the “Μητρῷον” (see Frazer on Paus.i. 3. 5, Harrison M. M. A. A. p. 43 f.). The absence of a personal name (Rhea or Cybele) is therefore no indication of a late date. Nor is there any question of Orphic influence in the hymn. Two Orphic hymns are dedicated to the goddess; one (xiv) mentions “Ῥέα” by name, the other (xxvii) calls her the Mother of the Gods. Whatever the date of the present hymn, it is far removed from the spirit of the Orphic compositions, and, as Baumeister remarks, is quite “Homeric.”
 βρόμος αὐλῶν = h. Herm. 452; cf. Anth. Pal. vi. 165. 5 “τυπάνου βρόμον”, ib. 217. 5 “Κυβέλης ἱερὸν βρόμον”, Apoll. Arg. 1.1139 “ῥόμβῳ καὶ τυπάνῳ Ῥείην Φρύγες ἱλάσκονται”. The unmetrical “τυμπ-” is also found in Apollonius and the Anthology. Examples of the connexion of “τύμπανα” with the goddess, in literature and art, are too numerous to quote.4, 5. Cf. h. Aphr. 70 “λύκοι χαροποί τε λέοντες”, and ib. 74 “κατὰ σκιόεντας ἐναύλους”. The resemblance, as Gemoll notes, is hardly accidental. The lion is the constant symbol of the Mother in art, from the time of Pheidias (see Harrison l.c., Rapp in Roscher Lex. ii. 1644 f.).