previous next

[241] φ́η: this brilliant emendation of Barnes (who accented it “φῆ”) was made again by Hermann; it is confirmed by the reading of yθῆρα. φ” and “θ” are easily exchanged in MSS.; “φησίν θηρσίν Α 268, αὐτόφι αὐτόθι Μ” 302. For “φή” in Homer and later poets see Leaf on Il. 2.144. It is now found in Callim. Hecale col. iv. 4 Gomperz. For the derivation see Prellwitz B. B. xxii. 76 f., and Et. Wört. s.v.

The comparison is evidently to “a newborn infant asking only for sleep.” The sense is given by “νεόλλουτος” (i.e. newly washed after birth); Martin B. (Varior. lect. ed. 2, 1755) quotes Theocr. xxiv. 3, Lycophr. 321, Callim. h. Del. 6, Jov.16, Plaut. Amphitr. v. 1. 50. The reading of yνέον λοχάων” cannot be explained.

Ἤδυμον: the form recurs infra 449; in h. Aphr. 171, xix. 16 the MSS. give “νήδυμος”. Probably “ἥδυμος” is the older word (from “ἡδύς”, as “κάλλιμος” from “καλός”), “νήδυμος” being a later mistaken form, due to the “ν ἐφελκυστικόν” of preceding words, as in Il. 2.2 (Buttmann Lex. i. 173 f.). The history of the form would therefore be like “a nickname” for “an ekename” etc. Meyer (Griech. Et. i.) rejects this view, holding “νήδυμος” to be original, in which case “ἥδυμος” would be due to a false connexion with “ἡδύς”. Brugmann also (I. F. xi. 277 sq.) returns to “νήδυμος”, and (after schol. Il. 2.2) explains “νη”=down, “-δυμος” from “δύω” “that into which one sinks,” cl. “νηδύς”. In the MSS. of Homer “νήδυμος” prevails, but there is some authority for “ἥδυμος” in Il. 2.2, δ 793, μ” 311. Here and in 449 the form is proved by the metre; but the certainty of “ἥδυμος” in this hymn is no reason for rejecting “νήδυμος” in the two other hymns in which the word occurs.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: