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[457] The verse is corrupt, and the uncertainty of the sense required makes emendation more difficult. ἷζε seems genuine, but “θυμὸν ἐπαίνει” cannot stand, and one or other of the two words must be emended. (1) In J. H. S. xvii. p. 265 “θυμὸν ἐπίαινε” was suggested: “sit (as a minstrel) and cheer the heart of your elders” (on Olympus). The synizesis “-ιαι-” might stand (cf. “Ἱστίαιαν Β 537, Αἰγυπτίας Ι 382, δ 83, Ἱστιαιεύς” in a Delian inscr. B. C. H. vi. 33 § 41, “ὑγιαίνειν” Athen. 694 F=Lucian pro laps. in salt. 6). But the last vowel would not be lengthened by position in the fourth foot; and “ἐπιαίνειν” (cf. 480) might therefore be suggested; the transition from imper. to infin. is abrupt, but may be justified by Il. 1.20 and Il. 3.459 ἔκδοτε καὶ τιμὴν ἀποτινέμεν”. Otherwise the sense is good: for “ἵζειν” “sit at the board” cf. Theogn. ap. Plat. Meno95D “καὶ παρὰ τοῖσιν πῖνε καὶ ἔσθιε καὶ μετὰ τοῖσιν

ἵζε καὶ ἅνδανε τοῖς ὧν μεγάλη δύναμις”. The compound “ἐπιαίνειν” is not elsewhere found, but the simple verb is common in this connexion; e.g. Od. 4.548, h. Dem. 435, Theocr. vii. 29θυμὸν ἴαινε” (of music), Bacchyl.xiii. 187 Bacchyl., xvii. 131.
(2) Ruhnken retained “ἐπαίνει”, with “μῦθον” for “θυμόν” (a neat metathesis; cf. 256), i.e. “sit (? as a pupil, or in submission; cf. in a game “ὄνος κάθου: ἐπὶ τῶν ἐν πράγματι ἡττωμένων” schol. Plat. Theaet. 146A) and respect the words of your elders.” Apollo, speaking with the gravity of an oracle, bids Hermes listen humbly. For the general “πρεσβυτέροισι” of a particular person cf. 386. But the conjecture is doubtful, as “ἐπαινεῖν τί τινι” is unknown, although it may be defended by Il. 2.335, Σ” 312 taken together.


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