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ἄδηλα γὰρ—Thuc. is extremely fond of γνῶμαι or general truths as arguments, whereas he does not use παραδείγματα or examples at all. The γνῶμαι have been collected by several critics, and, as might be supposed, they show a profound insight into the fundamental principles that actually guide human conduct.

ἐξ ὀλίγου—‘suddenly.’

δι᾽ ὀργῆς— ‘on impulse.’

αἱ ἐπιχειρήσεις γίγνονται—the passive of τὰς ἐπι. ποιεῖσθαι I. 70, 7.

τε—adds a third and important fact. [

δεδιὸς ἄμεινον]—

ἠμύνατο—gnomic. Cf. c. 89 πολλὰ στρατόπεδα ἤδη ἔπεσεν ὑπὸ ἐλασσόνων.

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