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ἑξακοσίων—in I. 96 we see that under Aristides' administration the φόρος amounted to 460 talents. In the lists of the quota paid to Athene for 450 and 446 B.C., the tribute of some States is seen to be reduced, and the total was probably made up by payments from new subjects. But the tribute was in some cases subsequently raised, so that 600 talents may represent the average (ὡς ἐ τὶ τὸ πολὺ) in 431. φόρου—for this genitive of material, cf. ἀργυρίου below. See Rutherford, Syntax, p. 35. ἀπὸ τῶν ξυμ—the origin (ἀπὸ) from which money is obtained. Cf. Aristoph. Vesp. 670 δωροδοκοῦσιν ἀπὸ τῶν πόλεων (rightly defended by Sobolewski, de praepos. usu Aristoph.). ἄνευ—this is the ordinary meaning of χωρὶς as a preposition in Attic, but Thuc. only uses χωρὶς as an adverb. The opposite of σὺν (τοῖς) θεοῖς (see c. 2, 1) is ἄνευ (τῶν) θεῶν. The opposite of σὺν in its other Attic sense in totals, is usually χωρίς. The opposite of μετά is ἄνευ, and more rarely χωρίς (thus Isocrates has two cases, but in both χωρίς, not ἄνευ, is used to avoid hiatus). τῆς ἄλλης προσόδου—as rents from public lands, especially the silver mines, the tax paid by resident aliens and by owners of slaves, duties on imports exports and sales, and court fees and fines, amounting in all to at least 400 talents. ἐν τῇ ἀκροπόλει— in the Opisthodomus of the Parthenon. ἐγένετο—‘amounted to.’ Cf. c. 20, 4. τὰ προπύλαια—begun 437, completed 432. τἆλλα—the Odeum, Parthenon and the sculpture on the buildings was paid for out of this fund. ἐς Ποτείδαιαν —from first to last the siege cost 2000 talents. It began in the autumn of 433, ended in the winter of 430. Probably Thuc. omits in that sum the expense of Hagnon's expedition (c. 58), which cost 400 talents more.
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