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Τοῦ Φαληρικοῦ—begun under Themistocles with τὸ ἔξωθεν (τεῖχος), which ran to Piraeus. Under Pericles, about 445, a third wall, τὸ διὰ μέσου was built between these two, running to Munychia.

ἦσαν—were, according to Pericles' narrative.

τὸν κύκλον τοῦ ἄστεως—the walls of Athens.

ἀφύλακτον ἦν—about 6 stadia: so that the city walls, as rebuilt after Salamis, were about 50 stadia in circumference.

τοῦ τε μακροῦ = τοῦ ἔξωθεν. τὰ μακρὰ τείχη—namely τὸ ἔξωθεν, the earlier wall, and τὸ διὰ μέσου τεῖχος, called τὰ σκέλη.

σταδίων—genitive of description, almost confined to expressions of magnitude. Cf. c. 23, 3.

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