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Ἐπὶ γὰρ—now follows one of the few episodes in Thuc., who never leaves his subject except to comment on some epoch of Athenian history either throwing light on the circumstances he is relating, or imperfectly understood in his day.

κατὰ πόλεις—cf. the condition of Sparta, referred to I. 10, 2. According to tradition, there were 12 πόλεις in Attica; these had arisen by the increase and amalgamation of κῶμαι. ᾠκεῖτο—of the political condition of the district, as often.

πρυτανεῖα—these bore the same relation to the community as the οίκία did to the family. Hence the community entertained its guests there.

ἄρχοντας—‘princes,’ some of whose names may have been immortalised in the names of Attic demes.

οὐ ξυνῇσαν—only common danger brought them together.

ἐπολέμησαν—the war between Athens and Eleusis, given as an example of the early wars in Attica, was probably due to a quarrel about the frontier, which was the range of Mount Aegaleos, over which the Sacred Way after wards ran. Whatever the result, the position of Athens in the Dodecapolis was certainly raised by the war.

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