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Τῇ ... οἰκήσει—causal, with γενόμενοι καὶ οἰκήσαντες. δ᾽ οὖν—resumes from c. 14. ἐπὶ πολὺ—temporal. αὐτονόμῳ—independent of any capital. καὶ—‘even.’ ὅμως— answers καὶ and may be omitted in translating. οἱ πλείους —restricting οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι. πανοικεσίᾳ γενόμενοί τε καὶ οἰκήσαντες—all go closely together, ‘having been born and having lived with their whole family.’ ἀνειληφότες—having recovered from the effects of the Persian Invasion, when they had abandoned their homes. Not merely ‘had restored their homes,’ which took them only a short time. Cf. VI. 26, where it is said that Athens in 415 ἄρτι ἀνειλήφει ἑαυτὴν ἀπὸ τῆς νόσου καὶ τοῦ ξυνεχοῦς πολέμου.
Κατὰ τὸ ἀρχαῖον—lit. ‘according to early custom,’ ‘primitive,’ not τὸ ἀρχαῖον ‘in early times,’ ‘ancient.’ The early πόλις was held together mainly as a religious union, with its local cult. ἀπολείπων—joined to preceding plural, and might have been ἀπολείποντες. Cf. c. 65, 10.
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