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θέμενοι τὰ ὅπλα—cum in foro constitissent, lit. ‘having grounded their arms.’ τοῖς ἐπαγομένοις—the temporal force is lost, and the partic. becomes a substantive, as in οἱ προδιδόντες c. 5. ἐπείθοντο ὥστε—cf. c. 101, 5. ὥστε is often inserted with verbs which take simple infin., the main emphasis is transferred from the finite to the infin. M. T. 588. ἔργου ἔχεσθαι —rem aggredi. Cf. 1.49, 7, 78, 3. ἰέναι ἐς—for the hostile sense of ἰέναι cf. v. 69 ἐς τὴν γῆν ἐλθεῖν, ‘to attack.’ ἐπὶ is commoner than ἐς, as I. 58 ἢν ἐπὶ Ποτείδαιαν ἴωσιν. Cf. c. 3, 4. ἔρχομαι, εἶμι, ἥκω, ἦλθον and synonyms are far more supple in sense than our ‘to come.’ Note that the moods of εἶμι are usually present in meaning, except in Oratio Obliqua. γνώμην ἐποιοῦντο—i.e. ἐγίγνωσκον, ‘came to a decision.’ ἐπιτηδείοις—so c. 18, 3. καὶ ἀνεῖπεν—‘and in fact,’ καὶ introducing the parenthesis and emphasizing the word following. Cf. c. 49, 5, 51, 5. εἴ τις βούλεται—in a protasis to a condition in Oratio Obliqua, probably only the future indicative is ever changed into optative, so that the optative in protasis in Or. Obl., except in the future, represents either ἢν and subjunctive or εἰ and optative of the Recta. κατὰ τὰ πάτρια—in Iliad II. 504 Plataea is enumerated among the Boeotian confederate cities. ξυμμαχεῖν—this may be a gloss on τίθεσθαι κ.τ.λ. Cf. IV. 30 προκαλούμενοι, εἰ βούλοιντο, τὰ ὅπλα κελεύειν παραδοῦναι, and so 37; v. 115 ἐκήρυξαν, εἴ τις βούλεται, λῄζεσθαι, VII. 82 κήρυγμα ποιοῦνται, εἴ τις βούλεται, ὡς σφᾶς ἀπιέναι. With βούλομαι an infinitive has often to be supplied from the context.
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