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Ὡς ... ἐτέτμητο—the plup. has nothing to do with ἠλλοίωντο, (i.e. the meaning is not that the land had been ravaged before the change came over their feelings), but describes the state of the country as it lay ruined before their eyes. The other places in which ὡς has the plup. (III. 23, 1, 26, 4, 27, 1, 69, 2) are similar. Cf. on c. 3, 1.

πόλεμος —referring to the other miseries besides the ruin of the trees, crops and buildings, such as the difficulty of living and the burdens of service.

ἠλλοίωντο—plup., because the change had come over them before Hagnon's expedition, during Pericles' absence. Intr. p. lxxv.

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