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Διὰ τὸ—belongs to εἴκειν and ἀνηλωκέναι. (The Schol., who makes ἀνηλωκέναι depend on γνῶτε, has the honour of having misled Shil.)

πλεῖστα δὲ—‘has never yielded ..., but has sacrificed.’

μεγίστην δὴ—antithesis to ὄνομα μέγιστον. Notice the frequent use of superlatives, esp. μέγιστος and πλεῖστος. Cf. c. 11, 1.

ἢν καὶ νῦν—‘even if, in our present condition (i.e. in spite of our present power), we should give way at all. Pericles admits the possibility of a decline of the empire.’

καὶ ἐλασσοῦσθαι—‘to decay as well (as to grow).’

καταλελείψεται—permanent result in fut. M. T. 78.

Ἑλλήνων τε ὅτι—epexegesis of ἧς = δυνάμεως. Cf. Plat. Rep. v. p. 469 B Ἕλληνας Ἑλληνίδας πόλεις ἀνδραποδίζεσθαι. ὅτι—put late, because of the emphasis on Ἑλλήνων. πολέμοις—temporal. Cf. c. 13, 9.

καθ᾽ ἑκάστους—depends, as though it were one word, on πρός. τοῖς πᾶσιν—c. 11, 6.

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