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Ἡσυχάζοντας—i.e. they were to adopt the policy of wearing out Sparta, and not to attempt to bring the war to an end by a few battles.

ναυτικὸν θεραπεύοντες—the object of Athens was to obtain the recognition of her maritime supremacy, as it existed in 431.

ἀρχἡν μἡ ἐπικτωμένους— not to attempt conquests while the war lasted.

τῇ πόλει κινδυνεύειν—‘endanger the existence of the state,’ by distant undertakings or great land battles.

οἱ δὲ—other ancient authors contrasted Pericles with the demagogues who followed him, as Isocr. 8, 127, [Aristot.] Rep. Ath. 28 ἕως Π. προειστήκει τοῦ δήμου βελτίω τὰ κατὰ τὴν πολιτείαν ἦν, τελευτήσαντος δὲ Περικλέους πολὺ χείρω. ἔξω τοῦ πολέμου—‘things which seemed to have no connection with the war,’ but really had; e.g. the rivalry between politicians, which led to bad government and consequent mismanagement.

σφίσι—for σφίσιν αὐτοῖς as c. 4, 1.

κατὰ—cf. 11 below.

τοὺς ξυμμάχους— by producing ill-feeling towards Athens among the allies.

κατορθούμενα—reflecting on the selfish policy of Cleon and Alcibiades.

βλάβη κ.—‘proved injurious.’ βλάβη sums up τὰ κακῶς πεπολιτευμένα, the result of which was seen in the Decelean war.

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