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ἐπιστρατείᾳ—cf. ἐπίπλους c. 17, 4. Thuc. would have written τοῖς Πλαταιεῦσι were it not for the proximity of so many datives. Cf. ἐπιβοήθεια τῇ νήσῳ III. 51; ἐπιδρομὴν τῷ τειχίσματι IV. 23; for the obj. = gen. cf. VII. 70 τῶν υὲν φυλακὴν τῶν δ᾽ ἑπιβουλήν. Βοττιαίους—in the N.W. of Chalcidice, which was called Βοττική. ἀκμάζοντος—c. 19, 1.

τρίτος αὐτός—Intr. p. lxxvii. He had power superior to that of his colleagues for this expedition.


Σπάρτωλον—between Olynthus and Apollonia.

προσχωρήσειν ὑπὸ—pass. of προσάγεσθαι c. 30, 2.

ἔνδοθεν —regarded from the Athenian point of view.

πρασσόντων —c. 2, 3.

ὁπλῖται τε καὶ στρατιὰ—‘hoplites and other troops,’ the general being again added to the particular. Cf. c. 78, 3.

ἐς—‘as a.’


Χαλκιδέων—those from Olynthus.

ἱππέας—the Athenian cavalry were defeated in 431 twice during the invasion of Attica, c. 19, 22.


Εἶχον—sc. οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι. Κρουσίδος—on the Ther- maic Gulf.

ἐπιβοηθοῦσιν—sc. τοῖς Χαλκιδεῦσι.


Προσγιγνομένοις—‘by the arrival of this reinforce- ment’

ἀναχωροῦσι—sc. οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι.


Ἧι δοκοίη—cf. c. 100, 5, per occasionem adequitantes.

ἐπὶ πολύ—of space, as c. 75, 2.


Ὑποσπόνδους—see c. 92, 4.

τοὺς αὑτῶν—contrasted with those of the enemy; not implying that the Chalcidians and Bottiaeans separately took up their dead. Cf. IV. 97, 1.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.97
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.70
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