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ὀλίγον οὐδὲν—cf. VII. 59, 3, 87, 6; VIII. 15, 2. ὀλίγον is predicate.

τε—‘in fact,’ summing up the preceding remarks. Cf. 3 below.

ἔρρωντοtotis viribus incumbebant. Thuc. uses the literal sense only once, VII. 15.

οὐκ ἀπεικότως—so εἰκότως in the Orators is often followed by γάρ. Cf. I. 77, 5. So οὐκ ἀκουσίως below.

ἀρχόμενοι—i.e. there is greater enthusiasm at the beginning of an undertaking than after the first excitement has worn off.

ἀντιλαμβάνονται— sc. τῶν πραγμάτων, rem capessunt.

τότε δὲ—contrasted with πάντες. καὶ—an additional reason existed then.

νεότηςjuventus. Cf. c. 20, 2, 21, 2. The abstract term, like ἡλικία, represents the young men as a power in the State. Cf. Pericles' remark, quoted by Aristot. Rhet. A. 7, 34 τὴν νεότητα ἐκ τῆς πόλεως ἀνῃρῆσθαι ὥσπερ τὸ ἔαρ ἐκ τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ εἰ ἐξαιρεθείη. ὑπ᾽ ἀπειρίας—so ὑπὸ is used with any noun denoting any state of mind which is the immediate cause of action. See c. 47, 4. παροιμία: γλυκὺς ἀπείρῳ πόλεμος [Pindar, frag. 87 Bergk] Schol.

ἄλλη Ἑλλὰς—all States in or outside Greece. Cf. I. 1, 1, 6, 1.

ξυνιουσῶν—pres. not fut. Cf. v. 59, 5, 71, 1.

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