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Κατὰ—‘owing to.’

προσεγένετο—much like ἐπι- γίγνεσθαι, c. 4, 2, but the defeat is regarded as an unavoidable occurrence added to their other disad vantages (τὰ ἀπὸ τῆς τύχης). Cf. Vergil's ‘nec Teucris addita Juno | usquam aberit, Aen. VI. 90.

τῆς γνώμης τὸ μὴ κατὰ κράτος νικηθέν—= γνώμη μὴ νικηθεῖσα. Cf. c. 59 τὸ ὀργιζόμενον τῆς γνώμης. Militibus fortuna victis invictus ipsorum animus opponitur. Hache. ‘It is not right that our minds, which we feel (μή, not οὐ) were not conquered by force but have still some answer to give, should be depressed by the result of mere accident.’

κατὰ κράτος— vi, as in κατὰ κ. αἱρεῖν. ἀντιλογίαν—sc. πρὸς τὸ κατὰ κράτος νικηθῆναι, viz. the answer that the disaster was due to ἀπειρία, τύχη, want of παρασκευή. A familiar word in Plato.

ξυμφορᾶς—opposed to γνώμης above.

νομίσαι—sc. δίκαιον. ἀνδρείους ὀρθῶς—‘really brave,’ ὀρθῶς as in Aristoph. Eq. 1085.

ἀπειρίαν ... προβαλλομένους—‘make in experience an excuse.’

τοῦ ἀνδρείου π.—‘while courage remains.’

ἔν τινι—neut.

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