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Χῖοι, Λέσβιοι— the only islands on the Aegean then retaining the position of independent allies of Athens.

ἐν Ναυπάκτῳ—placed there by Athens at the close of the third Messenian War. See c. 27, 2.

οἱ πλείους—Astacus (c. 30) and Oeniadae (c. 102) did not join Athens.

ἄλλαι—‘and other cities (besides the αὐτόνομοι ξύμμαχοι just mentioned), namely.’

Καρία—the ἔθνη are added in the nom., in spite of the dat. preceding, because these are the four financial divisions of the πόλεις ὑποτελεῖς, so that the nominatives are as much in apposition with πόλεις as with ἔθνεσι. Καρία ... πρόσοικοι—called in the tribute lists Καρικὸς φόρος, and so Ἰωνία = Ἰωνικός, Ἑλλήσποντος = Ἑλλησπόντιος, τὰ ἐπὶ Θ. = ἐπὶ Θ. φ., νῆσοι ... Θήρας = νησιωτικὸς φ. From 436 B.C. Ionia and Caria were grouped together.

Καρσὶ πρόσοικοι—for the omission of οἱ cf. c. 85, 5. It is explained by the fact that this is an official title, Kr. Gr. Gr. 50, 2, 11.

νῆσοι...πᾶσαι αἱ ἄλλαι —for ὅσος Iimited by πλήν, cf. IV. 32, 2, and for οὶ ἄλλοι V. 27, 2.

Μήλου καὶ Θήρας—both colonized by the Dorians about the time of their settlement in Crete, circ. 1100 B.C.

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