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Ἑτοῖμα—c. 3, 4.

Κερκίνης—between the Axius (the Vardar) and Strymon.

Σιντῶν—on the right bank of the Strymon.

τεμὼν—by felling the mountain-trees.

Μαιδούς—also on the right bank of the Strymon.

Δόβηρον—‘in one of the first high valleys on the Paeonian (western) side (of Cercine), from which the way to lower Macedonia would be a continued descent, first down the valley of one of the tributary streams of the Axius, and then by the valley of the Axius itself.’ Arn.

Ἀπεγίγνετο ... προσεγίγνετο—a paratactic παρονο- μασία. After he had left his own kingdom, it might have been expected that his forces would dwindle down, owing to their miscellaneous character, and the slightness of the ties by which they were connected.

τὸ πᾶν—c. 7, 2.

γενέσθαι —c. 13, 3.

Καταβάντες—attributive, as in c. 30, 1. This order is only possible when the noun, here αὐτόνομοι, has other attributes beside the partic.

ξύμμεικτος—with ἠκολούθει; they were not separated into contingents, but were what histories call ‘a horde.’

πλήθει φ.—‘chiefly formidable on account of their numbers.’

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