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Ἐν—would be ἐς had not the muster at Doberus already been referred to.

κατὰ κορυφὴν— = ἄνωθεν, κατὰ via like κατὰ κράτος, expressing the manner; cf. c. 76, 4. τὴν κάτω Μ.—τὸ παράλιον. Schol.

Τῶν γὰρ—‘for, besides the lower Macedonians, there are also Macedonians in the upper country, amongst whom are iucluded the L. and E.’ Note in Jowett.

Λιγκησταὶ— the district called Lyncestis.

Ἐλιμιῶται—divided from Thessaly by the Cambunian mountains.

βασιλείας—‘have kings of their own.’ J.

Τὴν δὲ περὶ—not παρά, because the regions en umerated below are not merely those actually on the coast, but comprise κάτω γῆ generally.

Τημενίδαι—hence Philip and Alexander claimed to be Greeks, and their claim was generally admitted.


Πιερίας—between Mt. Olympus and the Thermaic Gulf, the origiual home of the muses and birth-place of Orpheus.

ὑπὸ τὸ Πάγγαιον—after this both the Pieres and Orpheus were connected with Thrace.

κόλπος —see L. and S.

οἰκοῦσιν—their new home was Bottice. They originally dwelt near Pella.

Στενήν—the Paeonians had possessed ‘a narrow strip on the bank of the Axius, down to Pella and the sea.’ Grote points out that this would leave hardly any room for the Bottiaeans, who dwelt north of the Pierians, between the mouth of the Haliacmon (the Indjeh Kara-su) and that of the Axius. Probably Thuc. is mistaken in saying μέχρι θαλάσσης, and the Paeonians did not extend so far east.

Μυγδονίαν— Herod. VII. 123 says the Axius divided Bottia on the south from Mygdonia on the north. Iu this region lived also the Edonians, Crestonians, and Bisaltae (6 below), but the Mygdonians must have been the most important.

Ἐορδίας—east of Lyncestis. N.W. of the Elimiots.

Φύσκαν—somewhere between the Strymon and Axius.

κατῴκηται—c. 96, 1.

Ἀλμωπίας—some where near Eordia and Pieria.

Οὗτοι—=οἱ κάτω; the tribes who were led by the Temenidae and conquered all lower Macedonia, the part which has been described from 3 above. Contrast Μακεδόνες αὐτοὶ below, = the original Macedonians before the conquests, οἱ ἄνω, who remained partially independent, c. 99, 2.

αὐτῶν— those just mentioned were not of Macedonian stock.

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