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οἵτινες—the dat. antecedent omitted. Distinguish between οἵτινες μή and οἵτινες οὐ below. νῆσον . . μετὰ τειχῶν—thus secure against enemies. The contrast to the previous sentence is stated in inverse order: subjection—compulsion; security—freedom. This is a common arrangement of clauses in Thuc. ἐν ῳ—of their condition. καὶ αὐτοί—independently of our help. ἐπανέστησαν μᾶλλον ἢ ἀπέστησαν—an armed rising contrasted with a secession; but the application of the contrast to the circumstances of Lesbos is not exact, since ἐπανάστασις implies a dominant power, which Athens ex hypothesi was not. μέν γε—‘secession anyhow,’ whatever be the truth about ἐπανάστασις. For the suppression of the δέ-clause after this combination cf. Aristoph. Ach. 154 τοῦτο μέν γ᾽ ἤδη σαφές. (Append. i., Neil, Aristoph. Equites). βίαιόν τι πασχόντων—this is far-fetched; and the implied contrast about ἐπανάστασις would too obviously not hold: hence the statement of it is suppressed. καίτοι—‘surely.’ καθ᾽ αὑτούς—‘by themselves,’ not μετὰ τῶν πολεμιωτάτων στάντες. κτώμενοι—probably conative.
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