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αἴτιον in apposition to the sentence, ‘as for the cause of such an oceurrence.’ Cf. I. 23 τὴν ἀληθεστάτην πρόφασιν τοὺς Ἀθηναίους ἡγοῦμαι . . ἀναγκάσαι (αὐτοὺς) ἐς τὸν πόλεμον. The great earthquake at Messina has afforded a striking illustration of this chapter.

ἀποστέλλειν—the subject of this and of ποιεῖν is τὸν σεισμόν. The MSS. give ἐπισπωμένην, but either επισπωμένων (mid.) or ἐπισπωμένης (pass., sc. τῆς θαλάσσης) seems necessary. βιαιότερον is best regarded as fem., as in δυσεσβολώτατος Λωκρίς c. 103, unless, indeed, in a confnsed passage, βιαιοτέραν should be read.

ἄν with ξυμβῆναι.

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