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ἐν . . τῷ ἱερῷ—this must have been W. of Oeneon, within a short march of the frontier.

χρησθέν—accus. abs

ἐν Νεμέα—of course ambiguous. We learn from Plutarch and Pausanias that Hesiod and his servant were murdered by two young men because they believed that the poet had insulted their sister. Their bodies were cast into the sea. Hesiod's was carried “by dolphins’ to Molycria. Thence it was taken to Orchomenns in Boeotia and buried there.


Ποτιδανίαν—“situated exactly opposite to the only ford of the river Mórnos” (Woodhouse). The ancient name of the river was probably Daphnos. The town is at the extreme SW. of Apodotia, just over the border.

Κροκύλειον . . Τείχιον—Demosthenes marched to the NE. from Potidania into Apodotia, attacking the towns in succession. Both places have been identified (by Bazin and Woodhouse). Teichium is close to the border of Ophioneia.

Εὐπάλιον—now Sulés, near Potidania.

τὰ ἄλλα καταστρεψάμενος—i.e. the rest of Apodotia, before advancing into Ophionea. The Locrian light-armed troops had not yet turned up, and Demosthenes had gone only a very short way when he found it desirable to modify his plan considerably.

ἐς Ναύπακτον—as the best base for operating against Ophionea.


οὐκ ἐλάνθανεν . . οὔτε ὅτε . . ἐπειδή τε—“οὔτε,” says Prof. Lamberton, “is before ὅτε, because the contrast connects itself most closely and naturally with the different points of time.” The sequence is irregular, but the sentence is quite clear.

οἱ ἔσχατοι . . Καλλιῆς—these tribes, then, must be the easternmost of the Ophioneis. καθήκοντες is not to be understood to mean that they extended right down to the Malian Gulf, but rather marks the direction. (It is possible that οἱ . . καθήκοντες is an addition to the text, a note made after Heraclea became part of Aetolia, which happened in 280 B.C.)

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