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καὶ ἐς τἆλλα—since the Peaee of Nicias, which Alc. had opposed.

διαβόλως ἐμνήσθη—‘he had made a disparaging reference to him.’

στρατηγῆσαι—see c. 12, 2 n. on ἄρχειν.

δι᾽ αὐτοῦ=διὰ τοῦ στρατηγῆσαι.

Καρχηδόνα—according to Plutarch, Per. 20 and Alc. 17, it was already in the time of Pericles a dream of many to conquer Sicily, Etruria, and Carthage, Cf., probably, Aristoph. Eq. 174.

ἅμα—with ὠφελήσειν. εὐτυχήσας=‘by succeeding’: the word is often used of strategi.

ὢν ἐν ἀξιώματι ὑπό=τιμώμενος ὑπό: cf. πολλὴν τὴν αἰτίαν εἶχον ὑπὸ τῶν στρατιωτῶν c. 46, 5.

οὐσίαν—Alc. had recently married Hipparete, sister of Callias, son of Hipponicus, ‘the richest of the Greeks’ (Andoc. 1, 130), and by her dowry had added to his wealth, which before was computed at 100 talents. The era of Callias and Alc. is spoken of both by Andoc. and by Demosth. as εὐδαιμονία. Both of them were outrageously extravagant. Callias married a first cousin of Andocides.

ὅπερ καί—the haughtiness and extravagance of Alc. brought Athens to ruin, because they deprived Athens of the services he might have rendered and led to his joining the enemy at a critical time.

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