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στρατὸς πολύς—predicate, =ἦλθον πολλοί. κρατοῦντεςκρατῶ with μάχῃ or μαχόμενος—or when one of them is clearly implied—takes accus. in Thuc., otherwise gen. Cf. Demosth. 8, 32 ὃν κρατήσαντες τοῖς ὅπλοις, ib. 19, 319 Φωκέας ἐκράτησε (sc. μάχῃ). κρατῶ with gen.=κρείσσων γίγνομαι. [Demosth.] 13, 17 ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις κρατεῖν τῶν ἐχθρῶν is wrong.

τὰ κράτιστα τῆς γῆς—‘the best parts’; cf. VII. 19 τῷ πεδίῳ καὶ τῆς χώρας τοῖς κρατίστοις.

ἐπεί—‘from the time that.’ The edd. compare ἐπειδὴ ἐπαύσαντο I. 6, and note that the sense is the same as that of ἀφ̓ οὗ, ἐξ οὗ. The use is characteristic of tragedy and early prose. See L. & S.; in I. 14, 3 ὀψέ τε ἀφ̓ οὗ is doubtful.

τὰ μέσα καὶ τὰ πρὸς βορρᾶν—comparing τὰ μεσημβρινὰ καὶ ἑσπέρια above, we notice that τά is inserted a second time. For the repetition see note on καί in c. 1, 1. The omission is impossible when the first member is an adj.—μέσα —and the second is a participial expression—πρὸς βορρᾶν Cf. Hyperides I. xxi. 19 ἔξω τῶν βασιλικῶν καὶ τῶν παρ᾽ Ἀλεξάνδρου. Thuc. I. 18 οἵ τε Ἀθηναίων τύραννοι καὶ οἱ ἐκ τῆς ἄλλης Ἑλλάδος. Isocr. 3, 22 ἐν τοῖς ἐγκυκλίοις καὶ τοῖς κατὰ τὴν ἡμέραν ἑκάστην γιγνομένοις.

τὰ πρὸς βορρᾶν—c. 2 § 2 Cf. Demosth. 18, 301 οὶ πρὸς Πελοπόννησον τόποι.

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