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τὰς νομιζομένας πρὸ τῆς ἀναγωγῆς—‘that were customary before the start.’ What is unusual is that the prayers were offered in common, and not by each ship independently.

ὑπὸ κήρυκος—‘praecone verba praeeunte.’

παρ᾽ ἅπαν—Diodorus says κύκλος ἅπας ἔγεμε θυμιατηρίων καὶ κρατήρων. On ordinary occasions it seems that the Strategus alone poured libations before the start of a fleet. Here ‘cups were first filled and drunk round, and then the officers and seamen made the libation’ (Bloomfield).

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