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ἀκριβέστερον—that this alludes to some tradition in the family of Thuc. is clear, but it is not certain that he was related to the Pisistratids, as stated by Hermippus (3rd cent. B.C.) ap. Marcellin. 3

αὐτῷ τούτῳ—the arguments are: (1) on a certain monument only Hippias's children are mentioned; (2) on the same the name of H. immediately follows that of the father; (3) it is unlikely that if Hipparchus had been tyrant Hippias could have secured the power on the day of the murder. The tyranny would have come to an end. (This evidence does not amount to much, but it scarcely deserves the contempt Junghahn pours on it)

τῶν γνησίων ἀδελφῶν—apparently Hippias, Hipparchus, and Thessalus, also named Hegesistratus (Ath. Pol. c. 17; cf. Herod. v. 94). Thessalus is called νόθος by Herod., because he was son of a ξένη. The Ath. Pol. mentions a fourth son, Iophon (Plut. Cat. m. c. 24, and so the Schol. on Wasps l. 502), but nothing is known of him.

στήλη—one of the pillars on which were inscribed the names of criminals condemned to death or banishment.

πρεσβεύειν—‘was the eldest next to him and became tyrant.’

αὐτὸς δὲ . . καθίστατο—‘and he had attempted to make himself ruler,’ sc. ἐς τὴν ἀρχήν.

τὸ πρότερον ξύνηθες . . φοβερόν—c. 34, 4: ‘but on the one hand (καί), partly because the citizens had become accustomed beforehand to fear him, and partly becanse of the strict discipline he had enforced on his body-guard, he retained his power with abundant security, whereas on the other hand he was not at a loss, as he would have been had he been a younger brother so circumstanced that he had not constantly been used to govern.’ πρότερον is adverb, and διὰ τὸ πρότερον ξύνηθες goes both with the μέν and the δέ clause. Cf. II. 44 τὸ δ᾽ εὐτυχές, οἳ ἃν τῆς εὐπρεπεστάτης λάχωσιν, ὥσπερ οἵδε μὲν νῦν τελευτῆς, ὑμεῖς δὲ λύπης, where the epithet belongs to both nouns.

ἐπικούρους—is specially used of mercenaries and bodyguards. Pisistratus had instituted a body called κορυνηφόροι. Cf. Plat. Rcp. p. 566 τὸ δὴ τυραννικὸν αἴτημα . . αἰτεῖν τὸν δῆμον φύλακάς τινας τοῦ σώματος.

πολλῷ τῷ περιόντι—‘with a superabundance.’

οὐχ . . ἠπόρησεν ἐν κτλ—‘was not in difficulties in-asituation-in-which he had not previously grown accustomed to rule.’ The phrase ἐν , quo statu, has at times a vague reference to what precedes, and here=‘(in the sitnation of a younger brother) in which.’ Cf. c. 92 n. τό τε φιλόπολι οὐκ ἐν ἀδικοῦμαι ἔχω. For ἀπορεῖν ἐν=‘to be in difficulties in circumstances,’ cf. Aeschin. 1, 159 ἀπορεῖν ἐν τῷ λόγῳ. (Most edd. connect ἐν ... ὡμιλήκει with οὐχ ὡς ἀδελφὸς νεώτερος ὤν, but then Stein's ὡς <ἄν> would be necessary; and the above explanation is simpler than taking ἐν as for ἐν τούτῳ ὅτι or ὅτι ἐν τούτῳ, as some propose.)

τοῦ πάθους τῇ δυστυχίᾳ—‘through his tragic fate.’

ὀνομασθέντα=ὀνομαστὸν γενόμενον (Schol.). The accus. when a dat. (Ἱππάρχῳ) or gen. precedes is very common, though it is not necessary.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.44
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.94
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