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τοσαῦτα κτλ—observe the chiastic form of the summary: Ἑλλήνων=c. 3, 1; βαρβάρων=c. 2, 6; τοσαῦτα ἔθνη=c. 2, 1; τοσήνδε οὖσαν=c. 2, 1 (previous senfence). The same arrangement occurs in II. 7, 8, 9.

προφάσει—in one other passage of Thuc. of the real motive, I. 23, τὴν μὲν γὰρ ἀληθεστάτην πρόφασιν, ἀφανεστάτην δὲ λόγῳ. Cf. Demosth. de Cor. 201 ὅτι τὴν μὲν ἀληθῆ πρόφασιν τῶν πραγμάτων ἀπεκρύπτετο. In this use πρόφασις is the excuse which the writer gives as the true one in contrast with the alleged cxcuse. C. D. Morris quotes Bacon's ‘the truest cause of this war, though least voiced.’

ἄρξαι—ingressive, as often with the aor. of ἄρχω.

ἅμα—i.e. Thuc. admits this as a secondary motive, and says that it was the one avowed in order to attract (εὐπρεπῶς).

τοῖς ἑαυτῶν ξ—i.e. the Chalcidians of Naxos, Catana, Leontini, as Ionians.

προσγεγενημένοις—Kruger, Hude, Stein, Sitzler accept this reading against προ-. ‘The allies who had jomed them’ in addition to their kinsmen. Thus in III. 86 we have αἱ Χαλκιδικαὶ πόλεις καὶ Καμάρινα aiding Leontini in 426; in v. 5 Phaeax in 422 persuades Acragas and Camarina to join with the allies of Athens against Syr. The Sicels also had joined in 426, III. 103. For Segesta see § 2.

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