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καὶ οὕτω βουλευσάμενοι—‘accordingly after considering the matter in this light.’ ἀμφοτἐροις οὖσι ξυμμάχοις—cf. c. 78, 4. Remember that Camarina really has with Syr. only an ἐπιμαχία—a defensive alliance, ἀλλήλοις βοηθεῖν, ξυνεπιστρατεύειν δὲ μηδενί (v. 48); but with Athens a full ξυμμαχία. But Hermocrates in his speech adroitly exaggerated the ἐπιμαχία into a ξυμμαχία, and (c. 79, 1) minimised the ξυμμαχία into an ἐπιμαχία. These two treaties are both, however, ‘treaties of guarantee’ of some kind; and in all history it has been difficult to secure the fulfilment of such guarantees, especially where there are conflicting treaties, as in the present case. εὔορκον—refers to the oaths taken when the treaties were made.
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