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προσεῖχον ἤδη τὸν νοῦν—‘from this moment they set their minds on it.’ The plan was not carried out until March 413. The Peace of Nicias was still nominally observed: Sparta shrank from violating it openly.

καὶ τὸ παραυτίκα—with πέμπειν. which depends on προσεῖχον τὸν νοῦν in a slightly different meaning.

τιμωρίαν= βοήθειαν (Schol.), Ionic. No troops were sent immediately.

Γύλιππον—see Freeman, Hist. Sic. III. p. 201. His arrival in Sicily was the turning-point of the war. His father, exiled for taking bribes from Athens, had settled at Thurii in 445 B.C.

προστάξαντες ἄρχοντα—Thucydidean expression for the appointment of a commander.

τοῖς Συρ. is dat. commodi.

μετ᾽ ἐκείνων—sc. the Syracusans, though only the envoys are meant, as also in Κορινθίων.

ποιεῖν ὅπῃ . . ἤξει—‘to devise how help may reach their friends in Sicily most effectually and speedily.’

ἐκ τῶν παρόντων—‘under the circumstances,’ viz. those explained by Alc. in c. 91, 2.

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