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Θεσπιέων δῆμος—Thespiae, like Plataea, refused to submit to the Persians. It was always suspected by Thebes of leaning towards Athens, and in 423 Thebes destroyed its walls. No doubt the government was administered in the interests of Thebes.

οὐ κατέσχεν—intrans., ‘did not attain their object’; cf. c. 11, 3.

Ἀθήναζε—it was part of the tradition of Athens, often alluded to in tragedy, to afford shelter to exiles.

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