previous next

πεπόμφασι δὲ καὶ . . . καὶ . . . οἴχεται—chiasmus is very commion in Thuc., and is quite a feature of his style.

τὰς μὲν . . . ἀπὸ δὲ τῶν—the iegular, but not universal order when a preposition occurs with μὲν or δὲ is that the particle should follow the preposition immediately; e.g. Andoc. I. 29 περὶ μὲν τῶν μυστηρίων . . . περὶ δὲ τῶν ἀναθημάτων. In VI. 76.4 οἱ μὲν is in a remarkable position.

καὶ πείσων . . . καὶ στρατιὰν—the double καὶ marks the balancing of the clauses, as in ὥσπερ καὶ . . . οὕτω καὶ.

τῶν τειχῶν . . πειρᾶν—the act. and mid. are equally used in this sense, II. 81 ὅπως πειρῷντο τοῦ τείχους. (Eustathius on Hom. Δ 166 τὸ πειρᾶσθαι παθητικὸν Ἀττικοὶ λέγουσιν ἀντί τοῦ ποιεῖσθαι ἀπόπειραν. Ὅμηρος μέντοι τὸ πειρᾶσθαι πειρᾶν ένταῦθα φησὶν ἐνεργητικῶς . . . και Θουκυδίδης δὲ τῶν τειχῶν ἡμῶν πειρᾶν.) See also on c. 32.1.

δεινὸν . . . δόξῃ—passive of δεινὸν ποιεῖσθαι to consider incredible. δεινὸν ποιεῖν denotes the outward expression of surprise, and is often used by Herod. and Thuc. But often in the Orators δεινὸν ποιεῖν means to act disgracefully; as Lys 3. 7, 26.

ὅτι καὶ—for the ellipse after ὅτι, cf. Dem. 47.41 πεπονθὼς ἧν εἶπον καὶ ὅτι εἰσπράττων τῇ πόλει τὰ σκεύη.

κἀκεῖνοιἐκεῖνος of ‘the enemy,’ as c. 6.1. In. II. 11.6 ὅταν ὁρῶσιν ἡμᾶς δῃοῦντάς τε καὶ τἀκείνων φθείροντας, we expect τὰ ἑαυτῶν, but Thuc. makes Archidamus refer to the enemy as ἐκεῖνοι

τὸ μὲν πρῶτονthough at first.

ἤκμαζε . . . ξηρότητι—cf. II. 20 ἀκμάζοντες νεότητι.


νῦν δὲ—the contrast of Past with Piescnt is among the commonest of rhetorical deviccs. Aristotle remarks that the efficacy of Antithesis results from its having the appearance of being a Proof; Bain that it is a consequence of the law that ‘we are affected only by change of impression.’

ἀνελκύσαντας διαψῦξαι—cf. Herod. VII. 59 τὰς νέας ἀνέψυχον ἀνελκύσαντες; Xen. Hell. I. 5.10 ἀνελκύσας τὰς ναῦς ἡσυχίαν ἦγεν ἐπισκευάζων καὶ ἀναψύχων.

καὶ ἔτι πλείους—the corrective use of καί, as Demosthenes in the third Philippic, ἀπόλωλε καὶ νενόσηκεν Ἑλλάς.

φανεραὶ δέ εἰσιν—cf. δῆλός εἰμι. A periphrasis of ποιῶ, εἰμι, or γίγνομαι with an adj. is very common, esp. in Herodotus. See Stein on Herod. V. 63.5 Cf. Isocr. Paneg. 122 πολλοὺς αὐτῶν ἐκδότους ἐποίησαν.

μᾶλλον—i e. ἡμῖν, ellipse with the comparative being very common.

ἐξουσία—the idiom ἐξουσία ἐστι or γίγνεται with plain infin. occurs frequently.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (12 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (12):
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 29
    • Demosthenes, Against Evergus and Mnesibulus, 41
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.63
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.59
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 122
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.11.6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.20
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.81
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.76.4
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.32.1
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.6.1
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.5.10
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: