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ταῖς ὁλκάσι—without ἐν, as c. 7.3.

ἐπιλεξάμενοι—i.e. placing them among the hoplites. They were first so used by Brasidas in Thrace. Before this they had only attended their masters in the field. One as θεράπων was his master's armour-bearer. The rest were used either as light-armed troops, or as sappers, engmeers, or carriers. The king often ordered them to carry booty.

νεοδαμώδων—helots emancipated as a reward for military services since 424 B.C.

ἄρχοντα—not ἡγεμών, as it was not a general expedition under the king. Contrast § 1. So Brasidas is always called ἄρχων or στρατηγός.

Βοιωτοὶ—loosely reekoned among οἱ ἐν τῇ Πελοποννήσῳ, as though he had said only οἱ δὲ Πελοποννήσιοι, which generally in Thuc. includes all the allies of Sparta. When in II. 9 he says Πελοποννήσιοι πάντες πλὴν Ἀργείων καὶ Ἀχαιῶν. he uses Π. in the strict geographieal sense, in contrast with the Greeks ἔξω Πελοποννήσου.

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