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περί τε—answered by καὶ τὸν Δημοσθένη. ᾧ εἴρητο . . . ἀφικομένῳ . . . παρακαλεῖν—same construction c. 20.1. The other constr.—the partic. in the aecus.—is found also in c. 20. Cf. VIII. 39 εἴρητο αὐτοῖς ἐς Μίλητον ἀφικομένους ξυνεπιμελεῖσθαι. τὸ ξυμμαχικὸν—Argos was neutral throughout the Archidamian War, having a treaty with Sparta. It finally joined Athens in 417. παρακαλεῖν . . . ἐπὶ—a military phrase; cf. παραβοηθεῖν ἐπὶ c. 37.3; 53.1: 71, 6.
ἀπέστελλον—imperf. representing the details of an elaborate business, as constantly with ‘sending’ verbs; cf. on c. 3.1. Χίαις—the only island in the Aegean besides Lesbos then retaining the position of an independent ally of Athens. Hence it supplied a contingent of ships and paid no tribute. Ἀθηναίων—after δ καὶ χ., partitive. See on c. 16.1. νησιωτῶν—i.e. the other Aegean islands; it was their duty to supply πεζὸν καὶ χρήματα. χρήσασθαι—ingressive, ‘obtain for service’—a sense almost confined to first aor. forms. ἄλλων—viz. those of Ionia, Hellespont, and Thraciau Chalcidice. They also were liable to supply infantry, if required. (This incident illustrates the encroachments of Athens on the rights of her allies. They were not originally liable to personal service after they commuted their contmgents for a money payment; much less were they bound to supply anything Athens might require.) εἶχον—subject, the Athenians. ξυμπορίσαντες—joined by καὶ to the datives above, as all express attendant circumstances of some kind. Χαρικλέους—he had been one of the commission, ζητηταί, appointed to inquire into the mysterious mutilation of the Hermae in 415. (Like Pisander, he started as a democrat, but went over to the oligarelis in 412, beeoming one of the Four Hundred. He fied to Decelea when the Fom Hundred were deposed, and assisted in the ruin of Athens. He returned along with Critias and other exiles under the terms of peaee imposed by Sparta. He was active in promoting the establishment of the Thirty, of whom he became one. When Theramenes opposed the violent measures of Critias, and the party split into two factions, Charicles followed Critias and shared with him the authorship of the worst deeds of the Thirty. His demeanour was servile to Lysander, but overbearing towards his countrymen.)
καὶ τὸν κ τ.λ.—the clause is object of περιέμενε. Cf. III. 2.2.
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