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Καμαριναῖοι—C. had previously been neutral. Its relations with Syr. had not been satisfactory. Originally an outpost of Syr., it had revolted from its mother-city and had been destroyed circ. 550. Subsequently it became part of Gela. In 484 Gelon transferred its population to Syr.; and in 461 it was re-colonised by Gela.

Γελῷοι—they had previously promised to send στρατιὰν οὐ πολλήν c. 1.4. In 498 Hippocrates, tyrant of Gela, defeated the Syracusans; his successor Gelon transferred his seat to Syr.

σχεδόν τιalmost, since some towns still remained faithful to A.; see c. 57.11.

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