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τῶν ὁλκάδων—depends on κομιδῆς. ὡς ἐπὶ ναυμαχίᾳ—Thuc. uses also ὡς ἐπὶ ναυμαχίαν. Similarly ἐπὶ is used with either the gen. or dat. of place in the same phrases. ἔτι—of additional ships. ἐλάσσους . . . τῶν Ἀττικῶν νεῶν—this might have been ἐ. τῶν Ἀθηναίων, i.e. ἢ τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις. Cf. VIII 53 ναῦς οὐκ ἐλάσσους σφῶν ἔχουσι. κατα Ἐρινεὸν—east of Rhium, which, with Antirrhium on the opposite coast, commanded the entrance to the Gulf. Had the Corinthians been superior in numbers, they would have lain off Rhium, S. W. of Naupactus, and have tried to shut in the A.
καὶ αὐτοῖς—the dative is put early to contrast it with οἱ δ᾽ Ἀθηναῖοι below. αὐτόθεν — from Achaea, which had originally been neutral, but in 417 joined Sparta. ἀνεχοὐσαις—see L and S., B.; cf. Herod. VII. 123 πάσης πῆς Παλλήνης ἀνέχει μάλιστα. The meaning is common in Pausanias. Πολυάνθης—prob. the same as the P. to whom, according to Xenophon, Tithraustes sent a bribe in order to bring about a war against Sparta.
τριάκοντα . . . καὶ τρισίν — in c. 31.4 the number is given as eighteen. Demosth. had added ten; and the rest must have come with Diphilus.
ἁπλῶς—with κατέδυ, absolutely. (Holden takes this with οὐδεμία, but there is no reason for emphasising this.) ἑπτὰ δέ τινες—the τινες shows he was not certain of the exact number. ἐμβαλλόμεναι—technically the ἐμβολὴ was a charge broadside with the ἔμβολον; προσβολὴ a charge prow to prow. ἐπωτίδας—τὰ ἑκατέρωθεν πρῴρας ἐξέχοντα ξύλα, Schol. The anchors hung from them.
ἀντίπαλα — internal accus., defining the verb. Hence=ἀντίπαλον ναυμαχίαν. The plur. presents the details. ὡς—the only case in which Thuc. uses ὡς for ὥστε. The use is common in Aeschylus, Sophocles, Herod., Xen. αὐτοὺς ἑκατέρους—the nom. would be more regular; but the subjects are not really identical, since the infin. clause is meant to be general. It appears from what follows that the A. did not finally consider themselves victors. αὐτῶν=τῶν ναυαγίων. For the two gens. cf. I. 25 κατὰ τὴν Φαιάκων προενοίκησιν τῆς Κερκύρας. See Classen on III. 116.6. οὐκέτι—note (1) the adv. qualifying the noun: it is common with the neg., and verbal nouns often take the construction of the verb, as II. 65 ὑπὸ τοῦ πρώτου ἀνδρὸς ἀρχή: (2) the use of οὐκέτι, denoting a change of purpose or a disappointment of expectation.
οἱ ἕτεροι—sc. ἐνόμισαν. οἵ τε . . . οἵ τ᾽—the double τε shows that the two clauses are exactly parallel. Thuc. is fond of this τε . . . τε joining two concurrent acts. κρατεῖν εἰ μὴ κ.τ.λ.—this is not a mere subtlety. The naval superiority of the A., esp. at Naupactus, had been so repeatedly acknowledged that the Cor. rightly considered that not to be beaten constituted a victory. ὅτι οὐ π. ἐνίκων—the indic. shows that Thuc. states this as a fact: νικῷεν would mean that the A. reflected οὐ νικῷμεν.
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