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ἔτυχον . . αὐλιζόμενοι—imperf. partic. of prolonged action; the A. were bivouacking by chance outside their fortress, on the east side. ἐτύγχανον αὐλισάμενοι would mean they had bivouacked by chance. Cf. on c. 2.4.

ὡς ᾔσθοντο—the regular periphrasis for αἰσθόμενοι when the partic. would be inelegant.

σφετέρους—after . See on c. 1.5.

πάλιν—is placed after the verb when not emphatic. It is esp. common after ἀπάγειν and ἀναχωρεῖν.

ὑψηλότερον—pred.; cf. II. 75 ᾔρετο μἐγα.

ἄλλους—exclusive; cf. c. 61.1.

ἕκαστοι—this word is frequently put into the relative clause, like quisque, instead of in the principal clause.

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