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ὑπηκόων καὶ φόρου .—subdivided into those from (1) Euboea, (2) νῆσοι = the Cyclades, (3) Ionia. In the latter Chios is included, but Thuc. adds an explanation that it was not ὑποτελής.

Ἐρετριῆς καὶ Χαλκιδῆς—the two most important towns of Euboea; in early times they were rivals. Chalcis is still the capital of the island, but Eretria is now quite insignificant.

νήσων—often used in a restricted sense for the Cyclades. Cf. I. 13.6; III. 104.2.

Κεῖοι — cf. Herod. VIII. 46 Κήιοι ἔθνος ἐὸν Ἰωνικὸν ἀπὸ Ἀθηνέων.

τούτων—asyndeton with demonstr., as Herod. 9.33 with τότε.

τὸ πλεῖστον . . . πάντες — ‘all being Ionians in the main.’ There were some Dryopians among the Styrians, and in the Cyclades there were Carians.

ἀπ᾽ Ἀθηναίων — there was an unfounded tradition that Chalcis and Eretria were founded by Athens. As for Ionia and the Cyclades, cf. I. 12 Ἴωνας μὲν Ἀθηναῖοι καὶ νησιωτῶν τοὺς τολλοὺς ᾤκισαν.

Καρυστίων — Herod. says that the Dryopians had originally lived in Doris and had been driven out through the early migrations.

ὅμως — with Ἴωνές γε. Though they served under obligation, yet it was natural for them to be on the side of A.

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