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εἰ . . μὴ ἐθέλοιεν . . εἶναι—the Recta would be ἐὰν μὴ ἐθέλωσι . . ἐστι, but ἐὰν is future, not iterative. ‘Even if the enemy should hesitate.’

ἐκεῖνοι—used of ‘the enemy,’ as often; sometimes even when a different pronoun is required by strict grammar. 5

περιορᾶν παροικοδομούμενον—the pres. partic. because the details of the building operation are thought of.

ταὐτὸν ἤδη ἐποίειit would probably come to the same thing whether they fought a series of battles with unbroken success, or did not fight at all. τε . . καὶ are alternative, as often, and the infins. form the subject to ταὐτὸν ἐποίει.

νικᾶν—why could not Nicias have attacked the crosswall if he won a series of victories? Thuc., speaking in his own person, seems to represent Nicias as quite blind to this possibility.

διὰ παντὸςcontinually

οὖν—resuming after a long parenthesis. See on c. 42.3.

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