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ἀθυμεῖν δὲ κ.τ.λ.but we must not despair, nor must we allow ourselves to feel like raw recruits, for whom a defeat in their first battle fills all the future with foreboding of similar misfortunes. τὴν ἐλπίδα is defined by τοῦ φόβου as ‘an expectation that falls in the sphere of fear.’ Cf. Plat. Laws 644C κοινὸν μὲν ὄνομα ἐλπίς, ἴδιον δὲ φόβος μὲν πρὸ λύπης ἐλπίς. θάρρος δὲ πρὸ τοῦ ἐναντίου. ταῖς ξυμφοραῖς means the reverses they have met with.

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